python opencv图片编码为h264文件的实例

python部分

#!/usr/bin/env Python
# coding=utf-8
from ctypes import *

from PyQt5.QtCore import *
from PyQt5.QtGui import *
from PyQt5.QtWidgets import *
import time
import numpy as np
import cv2
import struct

import datetime

from numba import jit
import os
cam_dict={}

class CamInfo:
 def __init__(self, cam_no=0,deviceid="default",cam_name="default"):
  self.cam_no = cam_no
  self.deviceid = deviceid
  self.cam_name = cam_name

@jit
def trans(data,size,height,width):
 bbb = string_at(data,size)
 nparr = np.fromstring(bbb, np.uint8)
 r = nparr.reshape(height,width, 3)
 return r
def str2char_p(str_v):
 pStr = c_char_p( )
 pStr.value = str_v
 return pStr

def callb_stream(data,size,cam_no,height,width):
 r = trans(data, size,height,width)
 r = cv2.cvtColor(r, cv2.COLOR_RGB2BGR)
 counter = datetime.datetime.now().strftime('%Y%m%d_%H%M%S_%f')
 # print(1, counter)
 cv2.imshow(str(cam_no), r)
 cv2.waitKey(1)

def callb_camerainfo(cam_no,camera_info,camera_info_size):
 # print(cast(camera_info,c_char_p).value)
 # print(str(cast(camera_info, c_char_p).value))
 bbb = string_at(camera_info, camera_info_size)
 info=str(bbb,encoding="utf-8").split(",")
 cam_dict[cam_no]= CamInfo(cam_no,info[1],info[2])
 print("camerainfo",cam_dict[cam_no].cam_no,cam_dict[cam_no].cam_name,cam_dict[cam_no].deviceid)

class Mythread(QThread):
 # 定义信号,定义参数为str类型
 breakSignal = pyqtSignal(str,list)

 def __init__(self, parent=None):
  super().__init__(parent)
  # super(Mythread, self).__init__()

 def callb_error(self, err_type, cam_no, msg_no, msg_level, msg_txt, msg_txtlen):
  print("myerror", err_type, cam_no, msg_no, msg_level, msg_txt, msg_txtlen)
 def run(self):
  dll = CDLL(r"./hik_client.dll")
  width=60
  height=40
  dll.pre_encode.restype = c_void_p
  ret=dll.pre_encode(width,height)
  ret=cast(ret,c_void_p)
  for i in range(20000):
   n=i%200+1
   img=cv2.imread("bmp/"+str(n)+".bmp")
   len = img.shape[0] * img.shape[1] * img.shape[2]
   # img=np.transpose(img,(1, 0, 2))
   # b, g, r = cv2.split(img)
   # b = b.reshape(-1)
   # g = g.reshape(-1)
   # r = r.reshape(-1)
   # b = np.append(b, g)
   # img = np.append(b, r)
   img = img.reshape(-1)
   # b, g, r = cv2.split(img)
   # b = b.reshape(-1)
   # g = g.reshape(-1)
   # r = r.reshape(-1)
   # b = np.append(b,g)
   # img = np.append(b, r)
   INPUT = c_int * len
   # 实例化一个长度为2的整型数组
   input = INPUT()
   # 为数组赋值(input这个数组是不支持迭代的)
   for i in range(len):
    input[i] = img[i]

   # bytes(aaaa, encoding="utf-8")
   a = dll.push_rtsp(input,len,ret)
  QCoreApplication.instance().quit()
   # print("encode_ok",i)
  # b = string_at(a, 1280*720*3)
  # print(b)
  # nparr = np.fromstring(b, np.uint8)
  # # print(nparr[-10:-1],min(nparr),max(nparr))
  # img_decode = cv2.imdecode(nparr, cv2.IMREAD_COLOR)
  # # if img_decode:
  # cv2.imshow("sadf", img_decode)
  # # cv2.imwrite(str(index)+".jpg", img_decode)
  # cv2.waitKey(0)
  #
  #
  #
  #
  # ErrorCall = CFUNCTYPE(c_void_p, c_int, c_int, c_int,c_int,c_char_p,c_int)
  # error_callback = ErrorCall(self.callb_error)
  # dll.set_callback(error_callback)
  # CamCall = CFUNCTYPE(c_void_p, c_int, c_char_p,c_int)
  # caminfo_CamCall = CamCall(callb_camerainfo)
  # # print(b)
  # if not os.path.exists("video"):
  #  os.makedirs("video")
  # ip = b"127.0.0.1"
  # port = 8888
  # print("start conn")
  # ret=-1
  # while(ret):
  #  print("conn server...")
  #  ret= dll.tcp_init(str2char_p(ip), port)
  #  time.sleep(0.3)
  # if (ret==0):
  #  type=1
  #  ret = dll.getcameralist(type, caminfo_CamCall)
  #  if (1):
  #   # deviceId = b"af94a68df0124d1fbf0fc2b07f3b3c3a"
  #   cam_no=14
  # else:
  #  print("tcp error")
  # for i in range(2000000):
  #  # 发出信号
  #  a=[i,i+1]
  #  self.breakSignal.emit(str(i),a)
  #  # 让程序休眠
  #  time.sleep(0.5)

if __name__ == '__main__':

 app = QApplication([])
 dlg = QDialog()
 dlg.resize(400, 300)
 dlg.setWindowTitle("自定义按钮测试")
 dlgLayout = QVBoxLayout()
 dlgLayout.setContentsMargins(40, 40, 40, 40)
 btn = QPushButton('测试按钮')
 dlgLayout.addWidget(btn)
 dlgLayout.addStretch(40)
 dlg.setLayout(dlgLayout)
 dlg.show()

 def chuli(a,s):
  # dlg.setWindowTitle(s)
  btn.setText(a+str(s[0]*10))

 # 创建线程
 thread = Mythread()
 # # 注册信号处理函数
 thread.breakSignal.connect(chuli)
 # # 启动线程
 thread.start()
 dlg.exec_()
 app.exit()

c++动态库部分

#include "stdafx.h"
#include "CVdll.h"
#include "SimpleLog.h"
#include <iostream>
#include<fstream>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include "opencv2/opencv.hpp"

#include "Ws2tcpip.h"

#include <winsock2.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <cstring>
#include <cstdio>
#include <signal.h>
#pragma comment(lib,"ws2_32.lib")
#include <queue>
using namespace cv;
extern "C"
{
#include "libavcodec/avcodec.h"
#include "libavformat/avformat.h"
#include "libswscale/swscale.h"
#include "libavdevice/avdevice.h"
#include "libavutil/log.h"

//#include "libavutil/imgutils.h"
};

//说明,动态库需要拷贝三个文件,否则重连会出问题

char* testchar(int plus1) {

	char* str = "hello world111111";
	return str;
}
char* testimg(char* data,int length) {

	char* str = "hello world111111";
	return str;
}

	int outbuf_size = 100000;

	class Rtmp_tool {
	public:
		int nWidth = 0;
		int nHeight = 0;
		AVCodecContext *c;
		AVFrame *m_pRGBFrame = new AVFrame[1]; //RGB帧数据
		AVFrame *m_pYUVFrame = new AVFrame[1];; //YUV帧数据
		uint8_t * yuv_buff;//
		uint8_t * outbuf;
		SwsContext * scxt;
		FILE *f = NULL;

	};
void* pre_encode(int width,int height) {

	Rtmp_tool *rtmp_tool;
	rtmp_tool = new Rtmp_tool();
	int nLen;
	int fileI;
	rtmp_tool->nWidth = width;
	rtmp_tool->nHeight = height;

	av_register_all();
	avcodec_register_all();
	//AVFrame *m_pRGBFrame = new AVFrame[1]; //RGB帧数据
	//AVFrame *m_pYUVFrame = new AVFrame[1];; //YUV帧数据
	AVCodecContext *c = NULL;
	AVCodecContext *in_c = NULL;
	AVCodec *pCodecH264; //编码器 

					 //查找h264编码器
	pCodecH264 = avcodec_find_encoder(AV_CODEC_ID_H264);

	c = avcodec_alloc_context3(pCodecH264);
	c->bit_rate = 3000000;// put sample parameters
	c->width = width;//
	c->height = height;//  

						// frames per second
	AVRational rate;
	rate.num = 1;
	rate.den = 5;
	c->time_base = rate;//(AVRational){1,25};
	c->gop_size = 10; // emit one intra frame every ten frames
	c->max_b_frames = 1;
	c->thread_count = 1;
	c->pix_fmt = AV_PIX_FMT_YUV420P;//PIX_FMT_RGB24; 

									//av_opt_set(c->priv_data, /*"preset"*/"libvpx-1080p.ffpreset", /*"slow"*/NULL, 0);
									//打开编码器
	if (avcodec_open2(c, pCodecH264, NULL)<0)
		printf("不能打开编码库");

	int size = c->width * c->height;

	rtmp_tool->yuv_buff = (uint8_t *)malloc((size * 3) / 2); // size for YUV 420  

	//图象编码 

	rtmp_tool->outbuf = (uint8_t*)malloc(outbuf_size);
	int u_size = 0;

	const char * filename = "0_Data.h264";
	rtmp_tool->f = fopen(filename, "wb");
	if (!rtmp_tool->f)
	{
		printf("could not open %s\n", filename);
		exit(1);
	}

	//初始化SwsContext
	rtmp_tool->scxt = sws_getContext(c->width, c->height, AV_PIX_FMT_BGR24, c->width, c->height, AV_PIX_FMT_YUV420P, SWS_POINT, NULL, NULL, NULL);

	rtmp_tool->c = c;
	return rtmp_tool;
}

char* push_rtsp(int* plus1,int len,void* vp) {
	Rtmp_tool *rtmp_tool =(Rtmp_tool *) vp;

	for (int i = 0; i < len; i++) {
		plus1[i] = (uint8_t)plus1[i];
	}

	 AVCodecContext *c = rtmp_tool->c;// (AVCodecContext*)vp;
	printf("2 %d %d\n", c->width, c->height);
	//---------------
	AVPacket avpkt;
	AVFrame *m_pRGBFrame = rtmp_tool->m_pRGBFrame;
	AVFrame *m_pYUVFrame = rtmp_tool->m_pYUVFrame;
	/*unsigned char *pBmpBuf;
	pBmpBuf = new unsigned char[len];*/

	//memcpy(rgb_buff, (uint8_t*)plus1, nDataLen);
 //
	avpicture_fill((AVPicture*)m_pRGBFrame, (uint8_t*)plus1, AV_PIX_FMT_RGB24, rtmp_tool->nWidth, rtmp_tool->nHeight);
	m_pRGBFrame->linesize[0] = c->width * 3;
	m_pRGBFrame->linesize[1] =0;
	m_pRGBFrame->linesize[2] =0;
	m_pRGBFrame->linesize[3] =0;
	m_pRGBFrame->format = AV_PIX_FMT_RGB24;
	m_pRGBFrame->width = rtmp_tool->nWidth;
	m_pRGBFrame->height = rtmp_tool->nHeight;

	uint8_t *p = m_pRGBFrame->data[0];
	int y = 0, x = 0;
	for (y = 0; y < rtmp_tool->nHeight; y++) {
		for (x = 0; x < rtmp_tool->nWidth; x++) {
			*p++ = (uint8_t)plus1[(y*rtmp_tool->nWidth + x) * 3]; // R
			*p++ = (uint8_t)plus1[(y*rtmp_tool->nWidth + x) * 3 +1]; // G
			*p++ = (uint8_t)plus1[(y*rtmp_tool->nWidth + x) * 3 +2] ; // B
		}
	}
	printf("1 %d %d \n", rtmp_tool->nWidth, rtmp_tool->nHeight);
	//将YUV buffer 填充YUV Frame
	avpicture_fill((AVPicture*)m_pYUVFrame, (uint8_t*)rtmp_tool->yuv_buff, AV_PIX_FMT_YUV420P, rtmp_tool->nWidth, rtmp_tool->nHeight);

	// 翻转RGB图像
	//m_pRGBFrame->data[0] += m_pRGBFrame->linesize[0] * (rtmp_tool->nHeight - 1);
	//m_pRGBFrame->linesize[0] *= -1;
	//m_pRGBFrame->data[1] += m_pRGBFrame->linesize[1] * (rtmp_tool->nHeight / 2 - 1);
	//m_pRGBFrame->linesize[1] *= -1;
	//m_pRGBFrame->data[2] += m_pRGBFrame->linesize[2] * (rtmp_tool->nHeight / 2 - 1);
	//m_pRGBFrame->linesize[2] *= -1;

	//将RGB转化为YUV
	sws_scale(rtmp_tool->scxt, m_pRGBFrame->data, m_pRGBFrame->linesize, 0, c->height, m_pYUVFrame->data, m_pYUVFrame->linesize);

	int got_packet_ptr = 0;
	av_init_packet(&avpkt);
	avpkt.data = rtmp_tool->outbuf;
	avpkt.size = outbuf_size;
	int u_size = avcodec_encode_video2(c, &avpkt, m_pYUVFrame, &got_packet_ptr);
	m_pYUVFrame->pts++;
	if (u_size == 0){
		int res = fwrite(avpkt.data, 1, avpkt.size, rtmp_tool->f);
		if (res == 0) {
			printf("000");
		}
		else {
			printf("1253");
		}

	}
	//-------end---------

	//Mat mat;
	////加载图片
	//mat = imread("bgs.jpg", CV_LOAD_IMAGE_COLOR);
	//printf("a %d %d", mat.rows, mat.cols);
	////if (!mat.empty()) {

	//int m, n;
	//n = mat.cols * 3;
	//m = mat.rows;
	//unsigned char *data = (unsigned char*)malloc(sizeof(unsigned char) * m * n);
	//int p = 0;
	//for (int i = 0; i < m; i++)
	//{
	//	for (int j = 0; j < n; j++)
	//	{
	//		data[p] = mat.at<unsigned char>(i, j);
	//		p++;
	//	}
	//}
	//*plus1 = p;
	return NULL;
	//return (char*)data;
}

struct RecStruct //数据包
{
	int size;
	int data_type;
	int cam_no;
	int error_code;
	char recvbuf[1500];
};
struct SendStcuct
{
	int size;
	int data_type;
	int cam_no;
	char sendbuf[1000];
}data_send;

static ErrorCallBack g_errorcall = 0;
static CamInfoCallBack g_caminfocall = 0;

typedef struct CameraInfo
{
	std::ofstream foutV;
	int timeInHour = -1;
}caminfo;
std::map<int, CameraInfo*> cameraMap;
//static std::map<int, queue<RecStruct*>> namemap;

static SOCKET g_sockClient;
HANDLE hMutex;
//char* deviceId;
/**判断str1是否以str2开头
* 如果是返回1
* 不是返回0
* 出错返回-1
* */
int is_begin_with(const char * str1, char *str2)
{
	if (str1 == NULL || str2 == NULL)
		return -1;
	int len1 = strlen(str1);
	int len2 = strlen(str2);
	if ((len1 < len2) || (len1 == 0 || len2 == 0))
		return -1;
	char *p = str2;
	int i = 0;
	while (*p != '\0')
	{
		if (*p != str1[i])
			return 0;
		p++;
		i++;
	}
	return 1;
}

char* Strcpy(char * a, const char * b)
{
	int i = 0;
	while (*b) a[i++] = *b++;
	a[i] = 0;
	return a;
}

int sendcmd(char* data, int cam_no, int type, int size) {

	memset(data_send.sendbuf, 0, 1000);
	//data2send.sendbuf = new char[strlen(data)];
	//memset(data2send.sendbuf, 0, strlen(data));
	data_send.size = size;
	data_send.data_type = type;
	data_send.cam_no = cam_no;
	memcpy(data_send.sendbuf, data, sizeof(char) * (size));
	printf("data_send len %d\n", sizeof(data_send));
	if (g_sockClient)
		send(g_sockClient, (char *)&data_send, sizeof(struct SendStcuct), 0);
	return 0;
}
int set_callback(ErrorCallBack terrorcall(int error_type, int cam_no, int err_no, int msg_level, char* msg_txt, int spare)) {
	g_errorcall = (ErrorCallBack)terrorcall;
	return 0;
}
MYLIBDLL int getcameralist(int type, CamInfoCallBack caminfocall(int cam_no, char* cam_info, int cam_info_size)) {
	g_caminfocall = (CamInfoCallBack)caminfocall;
	SendStcuct data_send;
	memset(&data_send, 0, sizeof(struct SendStcuct));
	data_send.size = 20;
	data_send.data_type = 1;
	data_send.cam_no = 0;
	char* data = "getcameralist";
	memcpy(data_send.sendbuf, data, sizeof(char) * (20));
	printf("data_send len %d\n", sizeof(data_send));
	if (g_sockClient)
		send(g_sockClient, (char *)&data_send, sizeof(struct SendStcuct), 0);
	return 0;
}
DWORD WINAPI RecvThread(LPVOID lpParameter);
DWORD WINAPI RecvThread(LPVOID lpParameter){
	SOCKET sockClient = (SOCKET)lpParameter;
	while (1) {
		RecStruct data_recv;
		int ret;
		memset(&data_recv, '0', sizeof(struct RecStruct));
		ret = recv(sockClient, (char *)&data_recv, sizeof(struct RecStruct), 0); //第二个参数使用强制类型,为一个数据包
		if (ret == 0) // server调用了close
		{
			printf("server close");
			break;
		}
		else if (ret == SOCKET_ERROR) // 网络错误
		{
			int err = WSAGetLastError();
			printf("get message %d %d %d \n", ret, SOCKET_ERROR, err);
			if (err == WSAECONNRESET || err == WSAECONNABORTED) {
				printf("tcp error %d %d \n", err, SOCKET_ERROR);
			 //int n = namemap.erase(deviceId);//如果删除了会返回1,否则返回0
			}
			break;

		}
		//printf("reve type %d %d", data_recv.data_type, data_recv.size);
		switch (data_recv.data_type)
		{
		case 1://摄像头列表
		{
			g_caminfocall(data_recv.cam_no, data_recv.recvbuf, data_recv.size);
		}
			break;
		case 3://异常信息
		{
			if (g_errorcall!=0)
				g_errorcall(1, 1, data_recv.error_code,4,NULL,0);
			break;
		}
		case 2:
		{
			char* recemsg = data_recv.recvbuf;
			int is_null = is_begin_with(recemsg, "00000");
			if (is_null == 1) {
				printf("recv type 2 00000");
				continue;
			}

			break;
		}
		default:
			break;
		}

		if (ret < 0) {
			printf("WSAStartup() failed!\n");
			return -1;
		}
		Sleep(20);

	}

	return 0;
}

int tcpInit(char* ip, int port)
{
	av_log_set_level(AV_LOG_PANIC);
	WSADATA wsaData;

	if (WSAStartup(MAKEWORD(2, 2), &wsaData) != 0)
	{
		printf("初始化Winsock失败");
		return -1;
	}

	SOCKADDR_IN addrSrv;
	addrSrv.sin_family = AF_INET;
	addrSrv.sin_port = htons(port);
	SOCKET sockClient = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);

	int nRecvBuf = 0;//设置为32K
	setsockopt(sockClient, SOL_SOCKET, SO_RCVBUF, (const char*)&nRecvBuf, sizeof(int));
	//setsockopt(sockClient, SOL_SOCKET, SO_RCVBUF, (char *)&nZero, sizeof(nZero));
	inet_pton(AF_INET, ip, &addrSrv.sin_addr.s_addr);
	if (connect(sockClient, (struct sockaddr*)&addrSrv, sizeof(addrSrv)) == -1)
		return -2;
	//throw "连接失败";
	if (SOCKET_ERROR == sockClient) {
		printf("Socket() error:%d", WSAGetLastError());
		return -3;
	}
	g_sockClient = sockClient;
	HANDLE h_thread = CreateThread(NULL, 0, RecvThread, (LPVOID)sockClient, 0, NULL);
	CloseHandle(h_thread);
	return 0;
}

class DeviceInfo {

public:
	string cam_name;
	int cam_no;
	SOCKET sockClient;
};

//Callback
int read_buffer(void *opaque, uint8_t *buf, int buf_size) {

	DeviceInfo deviceInfo = *((DeviceInfo *)opaque);

	int null_count=0;
	int display_count = 0;
	while (1) {
		RecStruct data_recv;
		int ret;
		memset(&data_recv, '0', sizeof(struct RecStruct));

		ret = recv(deviceInfo.sockClient, (char *)&data_recv, sizeof(struct RecStruct), 0); //第二个参数使用强制类型,为一个数据包
		if (ret == 0) // server调用了close
		{
			printf("server close");
			break;
		}
		else if (ret == SOCKET_ERROR) // 网络错误
		{
			printf("get message %d %d \n", ret, SOCKET_ERROR);

			int err = WSAGetLastError();
			if (g_errorcall != 0)
				g_errorcall(1, deviceInfo.cam_no, err,4,"socket err",0);
			//if (err == WSAECONNRESET || err == WSAECONNABORTED) {
			// printf("server break %s", deviceId);
			// //int n = namemap.erase(deviceId);//如果删除了会返回1,否则返回0
			//}
			break;

		}
		if (data_recv.size == 0) {
			null_count++;
			if (null_count %1000==0) {
				if (g_errorcall != 0)
					g_errorcall(1, deviceInfo.cam_no, 0, 2, "data_recv 0", 11);
				printf("reve len=0 type %d\n", data_recv.data_type);
				null_count = 0;
			}
			Sleep(2);
			continue;
		}
		else if (data_recv.size >1500) {
			if (g_errorcall != 0)
				g_errorcall(1, deviceInfo.cam_no, 0, 2, "data_recv too long", data_recv.size);
			printf("reve data too long %d\n", data_recv.size);
			continue;
		}
		if (data_recv.data_type == 3)
		{
			if (g_errorcall) {
				char err_str[10];
				_itoa(data_recv.error_code, err_str, 10); //正确解法一
				g_errorcall(1, deviceInfo.cam_no, data_recv.error_code, 4, err_str, 0);
			}
		}
		else if (data_recv.data_type == 2)
		{
			null_count=0;
			display_count++;
			char* recemsg = data_recv.recvbuf;
			int is_null = is_begin_with(recemsg, "00000");
			if (is_null == 1) {
				printf("recv 00000");
				continue;
			}
			//printf("cam_no %d", data_recv.cam_no);
			//int cam_no = data_recv.cam_no;
			buf_size = data_recv.size;
			memcpy(buf, data_recv.recvbuf, buf_size);

			if (g_errorcall && buf_size>1000 && display_count%20==0) {
				g_errorcall(2, deviceInfo.cam_no, 1, 0, "rece data", 1);//err_type, cam_no, column, msg_level, msg_txt, spare
				display_count = 0;
			}
			//保存流数据并分小时存储
			time_t tt = time(NULL);//这句返回的只是一个时间cuo
			tm* t = localtime(&tt);
			auto iter = cameraMap.find(deviceInfo.cam_no);
			if (iter != cameraMap.end()){
				iter->second->foutV.write(data_recv.recvbuf, data_recv.size);
				if (t->tm_min == 0 && (iter->second->timeInHour != t->tm_hour)) {
					//判断间隔一小时
					iter->second->timeInHour = t->tm_hour;
					iter->second->foutV.close();
					time_t tt = time(NULL);//这句返回的只是一个时间cuo
					tm* t = localtime(&tt);
					char ctmBegin[20];
					strftime(ctmBegin, 20, "/%Y%m%d%H%M", t);
					char str3[80];
					sprintf(str3, "create data:%s%s%s", deviceInfo.cam_name, ctmBegin, ".dat");
					SLOG1(str3);
					printf("%s", deviceInfo.cam_name + std::string(ctmBegin) + ".dat");
					iter->second->foutV.open(deviceInfo.cam_name + std::string(ctmBegin) + ".dat", ios::binary);
				}
			}
			return buf_size;
		}
		if (ret < 0) {
			printf("WSAStartup() failed!\n");
			continue;
			//return 0;
		}
	}
	return 0;
}

int send_cmd(int cam_no,int size,int datatype,char* cam_name, SOCKET& sockClient) {
	SendStcuct data_send;
	memset(&data_send, 0, sizeof(struct SendStcuct));
	data_send.size = size;
	data_send.data_type = datatype;
	data_send.cam_no = cam_no;
	memcpy(data_send.sendbuf, cam_name, sizeof(char) * (size));
	printf("data_send len %d\n", sizeof(data_send));

	send(sockClient, (char *)&data_send, sizeof(struct SendStcuct), 0);
	return 0;
}

int tcp_recv_conn(char* ip, int port, char* cam_name, int size, int cam_no, FrameFunc tcallback(char* a, int size, int cam_no, int height, int width))
{
	WSADATA wsaData;

	if (WSAStartup(MAKEWORD(2, 2), &wsaData) != 0)
	{
		printf("初始化Winsock失败");
		return -1;
	}

	SOCKADDR_IN addrSrv;
	addrSrv.sin_family = AF_INET;
	addrSrv.sin_port = htons(port);
	SOCKET	sockClient = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);

	int nRecvBuf = 0;//设置为32K
	setsockopt(sockClient, SOL_SOCKET, SO_RCVBUF, (const char*)&nRecvBuf, sizeof(int));
	setsockopt(sockClient, SOL_SOCKET, SO_SNDBUF, (char *)&nRecvBuf, sizeof(int));
	inet_pton(AF_INET, ip, &addrSrv.sin_addr.s_addr);
	if (connect(sockClient, (struct sockaddr*)&addrSrv, sizeof(addrSrv)) == -1)
		return -2;
	//throw "连接失败";
	if (SOCKET_ERROR == sockClient) {
		printf("Socket() error:%d", WSAGetLastError());
		return -3;
	}

	DeviceInfo deviceInfo;
	deviceInfo.cam_no = cam_no;
	deviceInfo.sockClient = sockClient;
	av_register_all();
	unsigned version = avcodec_version();
	//printf("FFmpeg version: %d\n", version);

	//初始化流文件状态
	time_t tt = time(NULL);//这句返回的只是一个时间cuo
	tm* t = localtime(&tt);
	char ctmBegin[20];
	strftime(ctmBegin, 20, "/%Y%m%d%H%M", t);
	caminfo cinfoInstance;
	deviceInfo.cam_name = cam_name;
	//std::string dataName = cam_name;
	cinfoInstance.foutV.open(cam_name + std::string(ctmBegin) + ".dat", ios::binary);
	//判断间隔一小时
	cinfoInstance.timeInHour = t->tm_hour;
	cameraMap[cam_no] = &cinfoInstance;
	char str3[20];
	sprintf(str3, "camno: %d start", cam_no);
	SLOG1(str3);
	AVFormatContext *pFormatCtx;
	int   i, videoindex;
	AVCodecContext *pCodecCtx;
	AVCodec  *pCodec;
	char filepath[] = "video.264";
	//av_register_all();
	avformat_network_init();
	pFormatCtx = avformat_alloc_context();
	//patha = "C:\\Users\\sbd01\\Pictures\\ffmpegtest\\Debug\\video.dat";

	//fp_open = fopen(patha.c_str(), "rb+");
	unsigned char *aviobuffer = (unsigned char *)av_malloc(1512);

	send_cmd(cam_no, size,2,cam_name, sockClient);
	AVIOContext *avio = avio_alloc_context(aviobuffer, 1512, 0, &deviceInfo, read_buffer, NULL, NULL);

	pFormatCtx->pb = avio;
	//if (avformat_open_input(&pFormatCtx, patha.c_str(), NULL, NULL) != 0) {
	if (avformat_open_input(&pFormatCtx, NULL, NULL, NULL) != 0) {
		printf("Couldn't open input stream %d\n", cam_no);
		return -1;
	}
	printf("camno %d find stream\n", cam_no);
	pFormatCtx->probesize = 1000 * 1024;
	pFormatCtx->max_analyze_duration = 10 * AV_TIME_BASE;

	pCodec = NULL;
	while (pCodec == NULL) {
		printf("%d start find stream info \n", cam_no);
		if (avformat_find_stream_info(pFormatCtx, NULL) < 0) {
			printf("Couldn't find stream info %d\n", cam_no);
			goto restart_stream;
			continue;
		}
		videoindex = -1;
		for (i = 0; i < pFormatCtx->nb_streams; i++)
			if (pFormatCtx->streams[i]->codec->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO) {
				if (videoindex == -1) {
					videoindex = i;
				}
				//break;
			}
		if (videoindex == -1) {
			printf("%d Didn't find a video stream.\n", cam_no);
			goto restart_stream;
		}
		pCodecCtx = pFormatCtx->streams[videoindex]->codec;
		//pCodec = avcodec_find_decoder(AV_CODEC_ID_H264);

		pCodec = avcodec_find_decoder(pCodecCtx->codec_id);
		if (pCodec == NULL) {
			printf("%d Codec not found \n", cam_no);
			goto restart_stream;
			//return -1;
		}
		if (avcodec_open2(pCodecCtx, pCodec, NULL) < 0) {
			printf("%d Could not open codec.\n", cam_no);
			goto restart_stream;
			continue;
			//return -1;
		}
		if (pCodecCtx->width <= 0 || pCodecCtx->height <= 0 || pCodecCtx->height >2000 || pCodecCtx->width >3000) {
			printf("cam %d pCodecCtx error 1 width %d height %d ", cam_no, pCodecCtx->width, pCodecCtx->height);
			goto restart_stream;
		}
		goto ok;
	restart_stream:
		printf("%d restart 1 ", cam_no);
		avformat_free_context(pFormatCtx);
		printf("restart 2 ");
		//avformat_close_input(&pFormatCtx);
		pFormatCtx = NULL;
		pFormatCtx = avformat_alloc_context();
		printf("restart 3 ");
		//av_freep(aviobuffer);
		//printf("restart 4");
		aviobuffer = (unsigned char *)av_malloc(1512);
		printf("restart 4 ");
		AVIOContext *avio2 = avio_alloc_context(aviobuffer, 1512, 0, &deviceInfo, read_buffer, NULL, NULL);
		pFormatCtx->pb = avio2;
		pFormatCtx->probesize = 1000 * 1024;
		pFormatCtx->max_analyze_duration = 10 * AV_TIME_BASE;
		if (avformat_open_input(&pFormatCtx, NULL, NULL, NULL) != 0) {
			printf("2Couldn't open input stream %d\n", cam_no);
			//return -1;
		}
		printf("restart 5\n");
		pCodec = NULL;
		continue;
	ok:
		break;
	}

	printf("camno:%d code name :%s width %d height %d\n",cam_no, pCodec->name, pCodecCtx->width, pCodecCtx->height);
	AVFrame *pFrame, *pFrameYUV;
	pFrame = av_frame_alloc();
	pFrameYUV = av_frame_alloc();
	int ret, got_picture;

	if (g_errorcall) {
		char* cc;
		int length = strlen(pCodec->name);
		cc = new char[length + 1];
		strcpy(cc, pCodec->name);
		g_errorcall(0, cam_no, pCodecCtx->width, pCodecCtx->height, cc, 11);
	}
	AVPacket *packet = (AVPacket *)av_malloc(sizeof(AVPacket));
	struct SwsContext *img_convert_ctx;
	img_convert_ctx = sws_getContext(pCodecCtx->width, pCodecCtx->height, pCodecCtx->pix_fmt, pCodecCtx->width, pCodecCtx->height, AV_PIX_FMT_RGB24, SWS_BICUBIC, NULL, NULL, NULL);
	uint8_t *out_buffer;
	printf("cam %d ready decode 2", cam_no);
	out_buffer = new uint8_t[avpicture_get_size(AV_PIX_FMT_RGB24, pCodecCtx->width, pCodecCtx->height)];
	avpicture_fill((AVPicture *)pFrameYUV, out_buffer, AV_PIX_FMT_RGB24, pCodecCtx->width, pCodecCtx->height);

	//av_image_fill_arrays(pFrameYUV->data, pFrameYUV->linesize, out_buffer, AV_PIX_FMT_RGB24, pCodecCtx->width, pCodecCtx->height, 1);
	printf("cam %d ready decode 3", cam_no);
	int dec_error_count = 0;
	int tmp_test = 0;
	while (av_read_frame(pFormatCtx, packet) >= 0) {
		if (packet->stream_index == videoindex) {
			//tmp_test++;
			if (packet->size < 50) {
				av_free_packet(packet);
				//printf("cam:%d packet is too small %d\n", cam_no, packet->size);
				Sleep(3);
				continue;
			}
			if (g_errorcall != 0)
				g_errorcall(2, deviceInfo.cam_no, 1, 2, "start decode",3);
			char str_decode[40];
			sprintf(str_decode, "cam %d start decode", cam_no);
			SLOG1(str_decode);
			ret = avcodec_decode_video2(pCodecCtx, pFrame, &got_picture, packet);
			if (ret < 0) {
				dec_error_count++;
				char str3[80];
				sprintf(str3, "%d%s decode_error:%d error_count %d", cam_no, " Decode Error", ret, dec_error_count);
				SLOG1(str3);
				if (g_errorcall != 0)
					g_errorcall(1, deviceInfo.cam_no, 0, 2, str3, 80);
				printf("cam:%d Decode Error got_picture %d decode_error_num %d\n", cam_no, got_picture, dec_error_count);
				if (dec_error_count > 2) {
				dec_error_count = 0;
					// restart ffmpeg
				av_free_packet(packet);

				Sleep(50);
				sws_freeContext(img_convert_ctx);
				img_convert_ctx = NULL;
				printf("cam %d sws_freeContext 1\n", cam_no);
				//av_free(out_buffer);
				//av_free(pFrameYUV);
				avcodec_close(pCodecCtx);
				//pCodecCtx = NULL;
				if (avcodec_open2(pCodecCtx, pCodec, NULL)<0) {
					printf("Could not open codec.\n");
					return -1;
				}
				/*pFrame = av_frame_alloc();
				pFrameYUV = av_frame_alloc();*/

				//packet = (AVPacket *)av_malloc(sizeof(AVPacket));
				printf("cam_no %d avcodec_open2 ok width:%d height:%d\n", cam_no, pCodecCtx->width, pCodecCtx->height);
				img_convert_ctx = sws_getContext(pCodecCtx->width, pCodecCtx->height, pCodecCtx->pix_fmt, pCodecCtx->width, pCodecCtx->height, AV_PIX_FMT_RGB24, SWS_BICUBIC, NULL, NULL, NULL);

				char str3[40];
				sprintf(str3, "ffmpeg restart cam %d ", cam_no);
				SLOG1(str3);
				continue;
				}
			}
			if (got_picture) {
				if (g_errorcall != 0)
					g_errorcall(2, deviceInfo.cam_no, 1, 2, "got_picture",4);
				char str3[40];
				sprintf(str3, "cam %d got_picture", cam_no);
				SLOG1(str3);
				sws_scale(img_convert_ctx, (const uint8_t* const*)pFrame->data, pFrame->linesize, 0, pCodecCtx->height, pFrameYUV->data, pFrameYUV->linesize);

				/*fwrite(pFrameYUV->data[0], (pCodecCtx->width)*(pCodecCtx->height) * 3, 1, output);*/

				tcallback((char*)pFrameYUV->data[0], pCodecCtx->height * pCodecCtx->width * 3, cam_no, pCodecCtx->height, pCodecCtx->width);

			}
		}
		av_free_packet(packet);
		Sleep(10);
	}
	sws_freeContext(img_convert_ctx);

	//av_free(out_buffer);
	av_free(pFrameYUV);
	avcodec_close(pCodecCtx);
	avformat_close_input(&pFormatCtx);
	return 0;
}

int tcp_init(char* ip, int port) {
	int res = tcpInit(ip, port);
	//printf("conn server\t%d\n", res);
	return res;
}

int ffmpeg_recv(int cam_no, FrameFunc tcallback(char* a, int size, int cam_no, int height, int width))
{
	av_register_all();
	unsigned version = avcodec_version();

	printf("FFmpeg version: %d\n", version);

	AVFormatContext *pFormatCtx;
	int   i, videoindex;
	AVCodecContext *pCodecCtx;
	AVCodec  *pCodec;
	char filepath[] = "video.264";
	avformat_network_init();
	pFormatCtx = avformat_alloc_context();
	//string patha = "C:\\Users\\sbd01\\Videos\\video.264";

	//fp_open = fopen(patha.c_str(), "rb+");
	unsigned char *aviobuffer = (unsigned char *)av_malloc(1512);
	AVIOContext *avio = avio_alloc_context(aviobuffer, 1512, 0, &cam_no, read_buffer, NULL, NULL);

	pFormatCtx->pb = avio;
	if (avformat_open_input(&pFormatCtx, NULL, NULL, NULL) != 0) {
		printf("Couldn't open input stream.\n");
		return -1;
	}
	if (avformat_find_stream_info(pFormatCtx, NULL)<0) {
		printf("Couldn't find stream information.\n");
		return -1;
	}
	videoindex = -1;
	for (i = 0; i<pFormatCtx->nb_streams; i++)
		if (pFormatCtx->streams[i]->codec->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO) {
			videoindex = i;
			break;
		}
	if (videoindex == -1) {
		printf("Didn't find a video stream.\n");
		return -1;
	}
	pCodecCtx = pFormatCtx->streams[videoindex]->codec;
	pCodec = avcodec_find_decoder(pCodecCtx->codec_id);
	if (pCodec == NULL) {
		printf("Codec not found.\n");
		return -1;
	}
	if (avcodec_open2(pCodecCtx, pCodec, NULL)<0) {
		printf("Could not open codec.\n");
		return -1;
	}
	AVFrame *pFrame, *pFrameYUV;
	pFrame = av_frame_alloc();
	pFrameYUV = av_frame_alloc();

	int ret, got_picture;

	AVPacket *packet = (AVPacket *)av_malloc(sizeof(AVPacket));

	struct SwsContext *img_convert_ctx;
	img_convert_ctx = sws_getContext(pCodecCtx->width, pCodecCtx->height, pCodecCtx->pix_fmt, pCodecCtx->width, pCodecCtx->height, AV_PIX_FMT_RGB24, SWS_BICUBIC, NULL, NULL, NULL);

	uint8_t *out_buffer;

	out_buffer = new uint8_t[avpicture_get_size(AV_PIX_FMT_RGB24, pCodecCtx->width, pCodecCtx->height)];
	avpicture_fill((AVPicture *)pFrameYUV, out_buffer, AV_PIX_FMT_RGB24, pCodecCtx->width, pCodecCtx->height);

	while (av_read_frame(pFormatCtx, packet) >= 0) {
		if (packet->stream_index == videoindex) {
			ret = avcodec_decode_video2(pCodecCtx, pFrame, &got_picture, packet);
			if (ret < 0) {
				printf("Decode Error.\n");
				return -1;
			}
			if (got_picture) {
				sws_scale(img_convert_ctx, (const uint8_t* const*)pFrame->data, pFrame->linesize, 0, pCodecCtx->height, pFrameYUV->data, pFrameYUV->linesize);

				/*fwrite(pFrameYUV->data[0], (pCodecCtx->width)*(pCodecCtx->height) * 3, 1, output);*/
				tcallback((char*)pFrameYUV->data[0], pCodecCtx->height * pCodecCtx->width * 3, cam_no, pCodecCtx->height, pCodecCtx->width);
			}
		}
		av_free_packet(packet);
	}
	sws_freeContext(img_convert_ctx);

	//fclose(fp_open);

	//SDL_Quit();

	//av_free(out_buffer);
	av_free(pFrameYUV);
	avcodec_close(pCodecCtx);
	avformat_close_input(&pFormatCtx);
	return 0;
}

//Callback
int file_buffer(void *opaque, uint8_t *buf, int buf_size) {

	FILE *fp_open = (FILE *)opaque;
	if (!feof(fp_open)) {
		int true_size = fread(buf, 1, buf_size, fp_open);
		return true_size;
	}
	else {
		return -1;
	}

}
int play_file(char* file_name, FrameFunc tcallback(char* a, int size,int num, int height, int width))
{
	av_register_all();
	unsigned version = avcodec_version();

	printf("FFmpeg version: %d\n", version);

	AVFormatContext *pFormatCtx;
	int   i, videoindex;
	AVCodecContext *pCodecCtx;
	AVCodec  *pCodec;
	char filepath[] = "video.264";
	//av_register_all();
	avformat_network_init();
	pFormatCtx = avformat_alloc_context();
	string patha = "C:\\Users\\sbd01\\Videos\\video.264";
	//patha = "C:\\Users\\sbd01\\Pictures\\ffmpegtest\\Debug\\video.dat";
	FILE *fp_open = fopen(file_name, "rb+");
	unsigned char *aviobuffer = (unsigned char *)av_malloc(32768);
	//printf("avio_alloc_context %d\n", cam_no);
	AVIOContext *avio = avio_alloc_context(aviobuffer, 32768, 0, (void*)fp_open, file_buffer, NULL, NULL);

	pFormatCtx->pb = avio;
	//if (avformat_open_input(&pFormatCtx, patha.c_str(), NULL, NULL) != 0) {
	if (avformat_open_input(&pFormatCtx, NULL, NULL, NULL) != 0) {
		printf("Couldn't open input stream.\n");
		return -1;
	}
	if (avformat_find_stream_info(pFormatCtx, NULL)<0) {
		printf("Couldn't find stream information.\n");
		return -1;
	}
	videoindex = -1;
	for (i = 0; i<pFormatCtx->nb_streams; i++)
		if (pFormatCtx->streams[i]->codec->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO) {
			videoindex = i;
			break;
		}
	if (videoindex == -1) {
		printf("Didn't find a video stream.\n");
		return -1;
	}
	pCodecCtx = pFormatCtx->streams[videoindex]->codec;
	pCodec = avcodec_find_decoder(pCodecCtx->codec_id);
	if (pCodec == NULL) {
		printf("Codec not found.\n");
		return -1;
	}
	if (avcodec_open2(pCodecCtx, pCodec, NULL)<0) {
		printf("Could not open codec.\n");
		return -1;
	}
	AVFrame *pFrame, *pFrameYUV;
	pFrame = av_frame_alloc();
	pFrameYUV = av_frame_alloc();

	/*if (SDL_Init(SDL_INIT_VIDEO | SDL_INIT_AUDIO | SDL_INIT_TIMER)) {
	printf("Could not initialize SDL - %s\n", SDL_GetError());
	return -1;
	}*/

	/*int screen_w = 0, screen_h = 0;
	SDL_Surface *screen;
	screen_w = pCodecCtx->width;
	screen_h = pCodecCtx->height;
	screen = SDL_SetVideoMode(screen_w, screen_h, 0, 0);

	if (!screen) {
	printf("SDL: could not set video mode - exiting:%s\n", SDL_GetError());
	return -1;
	}
	SDL_Overlay *bmp;
	bmp = SDL_CreateYUVOverlay(pCodecCtx->width, pCodecCtx->height, SDL_YV12_OVERLAY, screen);
	SDL_Rect rect;
	rect.x = 0;
	rect.y = 0;
	rect.w = screen_w;
	rect.h = screen_h;*/
	//SDL End------------------------
	int ret, got_picture;

	AVPacket *packet = (AVPacket *)av_malloc(sizeof(AVPacket));

	struct SwsContext *img_convert_ctx;
	img_convert_ctx = sws_getContext(pCodecCtx->width, pCodecCtx->height, pCodecCtx->pix_fmt, pCodecCtx->width, pCodecCtx->height, AV_PIX_FMT_RGB24, SWS_BICUBIC, NULL, NULL, NULL);

	uint8_t *out_buffer;

	out_buffer = new uint8_t[avpicture_get_size(AV_PIX_FMT_RGB24, pCodecCtx->width, pCodecCtx->height)];
	avpicture_fill((AVPicture *)pFrameYUV, out_buffer, AV_PIX_FMT_RGB24, pCodecCtx->width, pCodecCtx->height);

	while (av_read_frame(pFormatCtx, packet) >= 0) {
		if (packet->stream_index == videoindex) {
			ret = avcodec_decode_video2(pCodecCtx, pFrame, &got_picture, packet);
			if (ret < 0) {
				printf("Decode Error.\n");
				return -1;
			}
			if (got_picture) {
				sws_scale(img_convert_ctx, (const uint8_t* const*)pFrame->data, pFrame->linesize, 0, pCodecCtx->height, pFrameYUV->data, pFrameYUV->linesize);

				/*fwrite(pFrameYUV->data[0], (pCodecCtx->width)*(pCodecCtx->height) * 3, 1, output);*/

				tcallback((char*)pFrameYUV->data[0], pCodecCtx->height * pCodecCtx->width * 3, 1, pCodecCtx->height, pCodecCtx->width);

			}
		}
		av_free_packet(packet);
	}
	sws_freeContext(img_convert_ctx);
	//fclose(fp_open);
	//SDL_Quit();

	//av_free(out_buffer);
	av_free(pFrameYUV);
	avcodec_close(pCodecCtx);
	avformat_close_input(&pFormatCtx);
	return 0;
}

以上这篇python opencv图片编码为h264文件的实例就是小编分享给大家的全部内容了,希望能给大家一个参考,也希望大家多多支持我们。

时间: 2019-12-10

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